Type 405

405 Line drawing

Type 405

When introduced in 1954, this was the Company's only production four door car. Its design was intended to provide the ease of access and accommodation that customers and their families had requested, and it provided an alternative to the reduced space provided within the 404. The windows were divided into 12 separate panels of glass and that figure includes a one piece front windscreen. To put this into perspective, you have to consider that its predecessor the 404 only had 6 panels of glass. The new standard engine was the 100B2, which could provide a top speed of well over 100 mph. As with the 404, the construction method adopted was not ‘Superleggera’, having a mix of steel, timber and aluminium. The interaction of this combination of materials has proved to be the most difficult to tackle when restoration is required. In addition, unlike the 404, many 405s have been plundered for the engine and gearbox, conspiring to reduce the survival rate quite considerably. It continues to exist because production exceeded that of the 404 and 406 figures combined, and that calculation does not include the number of cars bodied by E.D. Abbott as dropheads, of which more later. It therefore proved to be a very acceptable solution to those who were following the marque and wished a four door car.

Badges curve across their diameter and read BRISTOL 2 LITRE in chrome on black, with decals and inlay to the coat of arms yellow in colour. A badge was fiited as standard on the boot lid. This was the last production series bodied at the Filton factory to wear the by then familiar emblem of the Bristol city coat of arms in the roundel format.

Paint Colours

The standard body colours are described in the brochure as Reef Blue, Hungarian Green, Copper Beech, Peach Brown, Torch Red, Midnight Blue, Deep Grey, Ash Grey, Off White, Black. Wheels were offered painted in either the body colour, Silver, Copper or Gold.

405 at rest

The 405 at rest showing many of its panes of glass